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© reMIXstudio identity 01_v2.jpg
1 / 8 general masterplan: top view

dredging identity | 运河城市

Format| 形式: Research with the MA Landscape Urbanism program at the Architectural Association School of Architecture, London, UK | 伦敦建筑联盟学院景观都市主义设计研究
Year | 年份: 2010年
Type | 类型: urban masterplan | 城市总体规划
Size | 规模: 300 sqkm | 300 平方公里
Location | 地点: Lingang, Shanghai, China | 中国,上海,临港
Published on | 发表: Urban Flux, Vol. 17, 2011 | 《城市空间设计》期刊 2011年第17期
Exhibited at | 展览: 2011 Tallinn Architecture Biennale, Estonia | 2011年爱沙尼亚塔林建筑双年展 identity 02.jpg
2 / 8 site current conditions and original masterplan

Nowadays China is undergoing an unprecedented process of urbanization and millions of people move every year from the countryside to the more developed coastal regions. In order to release the pressure of such migration on the already saturated metropolitan areas, the central government has planned to create as many as twenty new cities every year.


大踏步城市化带来翻天覆地的变化,既是挑战,也是机遇。一方面,我们不可能为保持传统的价值而拒绝城市化的进程,不可能完全与资本的逻辑背道而驰;另一方面,我们要认真而客观的考虑城市化在环境和社会变化中的代价,这些都必须要被纳入城市设计决策的方程式中来权衡得失。 identity 03.jpg
3 / 8 current water system and drainage deficiency

This drastic transformation of the territory offers a unique combination of problems and opportunities. Refusing a mediation with the forces that drive the urbanization would be quite a conservative and unproductive form of resistance. The capitalist logic of profit cannot be totally denied, but the social and environmental effects of the urban transformation should be put into the picture and evaluated as part of the overall balance.

通过对城市化成本系统性的分析,这个设计方案旨在探索一种尊重当地原有自然环境和地貌、以生态系统的优化为重要原则、分期化的、弹性设计的策略,同时兼顾经济可行性,试图避免全球化市场驱动发展所带来的地方性丧失。 identity 04.jpg
4 / 8 project development: meshing

Through a systematic analysis of the costs of urbanization, this project aims to demonstrate that a design based on the specificity of the local morphology, the optimization of the natural systems and a resilient phasing strategy can be a viable economic investment while avoiding at the same time the total annihilation of the local identity, so often associated to globalized market-driven developments.

在最初的规划方案中,乡村的原始风貌被完全忽视 ------ 当地建筑和自然风貌消失殆尽,原先依运河而建的线性村庄的独特肌理彻底丧失,取而代之的是单一功能的巨大分区和高度几何化的千篇一律的空间格局。 identity 05.jpg
5 / 8 project development: urban prototypes

Lingang was planned as part of the 1966 plan for the regional expansion of Shanghai, on an area of reclaimed land on the head of the Yangtze River Delta, with the goal of housing up to 800,000 inhabitants by 2020.

不仅如此,在环境方面,围海造田会极大影响到当地的水文系统,盐沼地的生态环境被破坏,排水受阻,也预埋了潮汛期爆发洪水的隐患。 identity 06_v2.jpg
6 / 8 prototypes proliferation

The original masterplan, organized in a very rigid geometrical fashion, does not take into account two important elements of the site: the existence of a consolidated pattern of linear villages along agricultural canals - which are very valuable not only for their architectural and environmental beauty, but also for their strong social identity - and the presence of the sea, with its ecology based on tidal dynamics.

该项目反思原有总规的薄弱之处,试图提出一个更加灵活开放的城市物质空间系统:展开一个全新的海岸线设计,同时改善滨海生态系统的状况,并提供更多亲水城市空间;试行一个多中心城市的策略,使整个城市能够面临未来变化而自我调整,灵活多变。 identity 06.jpg
7 / 8 prototypes proliferation: bird view

By reconsidering all the economic and ecological variables of the original masterplan, our design aims to create a more dynamic system based on a new coastline that reconciles the natural ecologies with the new urban activities and the creation of multifunctional clusters that can more efficiently adjust to the future changes in the growth of the city.

8 / 8 masterplan phasing

On the one hand, a higher density scheme meets the goals of the original masterplan while allowing the preservation of the existing linear villages, on the other hand, the solution to the insufficient draining capacity of the terrain gives the opportunity to create a new network of canals and water bodies that organize and structure the urban fabric, becoming a crucial element of the public space. Finally, the new design maximizes the coastline and creates a multifunctional water interface, generating a higher land value that can at least partially compensate the costs of the dredging and earthwork needed, making the project economically sound.